by Cassandra Elizabeth
Species: Rosa canina, Rosa rugosa, Rosa virginiana, Rosa canina, Rosa multiflora, Rosa damascena, Rosa gallica, Rosa centifolia, R. spinosissima...
psychic/ spiritual boundaries- thorns-must respect the thorn if you want the rose...
Because one can only be SO receptive… just enough tension and just enough cooling to have a beautiful, silky aromatic flower that transports us to the height of love- balanced FIRE element for the edgewalkers- offering protection in connectivity and appropriate discernment between self and other.
Sense of smell relaxing smooth muscles- reducing tension-creating vulnerability in the cardiovascular; Volatile rises- tonifying to the vagus nerve, combine with singing from the heart, whatever comes to mind… Mucous membranes are our intermediate between outside and inside and are vulnerable - gentle astringent helps tonify these places- infusion or sweet honey; Obviously want to limit receptivity of mucus membranes (and therefore strengthen immunity) to pathogens with thrive in dampness a.k.a WATER element, the abyss, the potential, the void
Botany & Cultivation
Many Roses are dense shrubs but some have vining habits; sometimes thorny, sometimes bristly stem, alternative pinnately compound leaf structure with 5-9 toothed leaflets; flowers radially symmetrical, colors ranging from white to red depending on species- sometimes fleshy hips orange-y-red and crowned with 5 erect sepals often forming a 5- pointed star shape. Inside the hip are many seed attached to hairs.
Most Roses like to grow in well-drained soil, some tolerating and preferring sandy maritime locations (the opportunistic Rosa rugosa). Others prefer woodland edge or hedgerow with dappled shade or the Swamp Rose (Rosa palustris) that likes to grow on the edge of wetlands or wet field edges, in acidic soil.
The hips of the native Roses here in Maine (Rosa virginiana and Rosa palustris) are dry and persist on the plant well into the Winter making them a valuable late foraging treat. (Some botanic language and information taken from PFAF and Arthur Haines’ Ancestral Plants ).
emotional and physical heart medicine
gentle astringent (mucous membrane tonic)
immune system and connective tissue tonic (hips)
Anti-microbial (anti-microbial/ anti-biofilm science with Rosa canina leaf extract)
Volatile Oils- Damascenones, Pinenes, Nerol, Linalool, Limonene, Geraniol...
Tannins- Gallic acid
Vitamin C, Carotenoids, Lycopene, B3, E, K (the Hips)
Phenolics- Quercetin and isorhamnetin derivatives (isoquercetin and isorhamnetin-3-O-rutinoside)
Omega 3’s (seeds)
(&& more information regarding constituents available on Dr. Duke’s Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Database)
eyes (wash) and upper respiratory (teas)
disturbed Shen or anxiety/ depression
grief and loss
diabetes or metabolic syndrome
lyme disease (connective tissue tonic)
cosmetic- rosehip seed oil, rose toners, ‘anti-aging’
With demulcents like Marshmallow or Cinnamon as mucus membrane tonics (mouth, G.I, vagina)
With cannabis (in my opinion a very- Metal medicine-helps us know what’s worth having a thorn about) to direct consciousness to heart
Paired with other Shen (the spirit that resides in the heart (TCM)) tonics like Reishi or Yin tonics like Peony Root or nourishing & regenerative adaptogens and nerve trophorestoratives like Ashwagandha, Licorice, Oats and Lion’s Mane
With other complementary aromatics in tea like Tulsi or Linden
With aphrodisiacs ( Cacao, Damiana)
With stronger antimicrobials in oral mouth rinses
water -infusion; in tea, in spiritual baths
infused in spirits, mead
honey based syrups or glycerin, confections
hydrosol or essential oil
rose hip jam (processed raw through food mill to remove seeds first, don’t overheat jam as heat destroys Vitamin C!)
Grinding whole dried fruits to include seeds as a form of nutrition (although some people complain of the hairs being irritating)
cosmetic- infused witch hazel, hydrosols in creams
yummy in smoking blends
rose petals in cakes and confections, rose water in cocktails
rose beads (how to make rose beads)
Make your own Rose Water (Hydrosol)
Materials: large pot with a lid, ice, two bowls- one that can sit upside down in bottom of pot and another that can be placed on top face up), water filled to the level of the upside down plane of larger bowl.
Place fresh Roses in the water
Put on stovetop with lid upside down on pot and filled with ice
Boil water/ high- then med-high heat
The Rose infused steam will hit the cold lid and fall back into the empty bowl
Use this hydrosol as a mist to freshen face or air, can also use for culinary purposes like cakes or cocktails
not enough thorns (or too many)
boggy tissue states (inflammation)
romance and ceremony
Cassandra designs and grows edible and medicinal gardens in Southern Maine. She has been a student of the plants her whole life and got the incredible opportunity to study with some really excellent teachers and complete the clinical training program at Vermont Center for Integrative Herbalism in 2015. She works with children, teaches classes and is an apothecary bartender for private parties and events. Working toward becoming a professional member of the AHG, she is also a partner of The Maine Botanical Clinic in Portland, Maine- a sliding scale & collaborative pop-up herbal medicine clinic launching October 2018.
Visit Cassandra online at www.agardensprite.com